Terraform — Deploy Nodejs Application with AWS AppRunner

In this article, we are talking about How we can deploy Nodejs Application with AWS AppRunner service deployment using terraform.

AWS App Runner is a fully managed service that makes it easy for developers to quickly deploy containerized web applications and APIs, at scale and with no prior infrastructure experience required. Start with your source code or a container image. App Runner automatically builds and deploys the web application and load balances traffic with encryption. App Runner also scales up or down automatically to meet your traffic needs. With App Runner, rather than thinking about servers or scaling, you have more time to focus on your applications.


  • We require AWS IAM API keys (access key and secret key) for creating and deleting permissions for all AWS resources.
  • Github account and new repository.
  • Terraform should be installed on the machine. If Terraform does not exist you can download and install it from here.

Prepare a Demo NodeJS Application

Create a project directory named demo-application anywhere in your system and make it your current directory:

mkdir demo-application
cd demo-application

Execute the following command within the demo-application directory to initialize your Node.js project with default settings:

npm init -y

Set Up Express with Node.js

To use the Express framework in your application, install it as a project dependency:

npm i express

After that package.json look like below

"name": "demo-application",
"version": "1.0.0",
"description": "demo-application",
"main": "index.js",
"scripts": {
"start": "node index.js",
"test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
"keywords": [
"author": "Prashant_B",
"license": "MIT",
"dependencies": {
"express": "^4.15.0"

Then, create the entry point of the application, a file named index.js:

touch index.js

Add following code in index.js file.

var express = require('express')
var app = express()
app.get('/', function (req, res) {
res.send('Hello World!')
app.listen(3000, function () {
console.log('Listening on port 3000...')

This app starts a server and listens on port 3000 for connections. The app responds with “Hello World!” for requests to the root URL (/) or route. For every other path, it will respond with a 404 Not Found.

Our demo application was ready now goto GitHub, create new repository and push application source code to GitHub repository.

Let’s move to Terraform


To build AWS App Runner, you need to meet the following versions:

This time I built it with the following version.

$ terraform version
Terraform v1.0.0
on linux_amd64

Amazon Resources Created Using Terraform

A Terraform module is a set of Terraform configuration files in a single directory. Even a simple configuration consisting of a single directory with one or more .tf files is a module. When you run Terraform commands directly from such a directory, it is considered the root module

1. IAM Module

  • IAM Role and policy

2. AppRunner Module

  • auto scaling configuration
  • aws apprunner service
  • aws apprunner github connection

Create an IAM role to grant to App Runner

Following code create IAM role and policy for Build AWS App Runner service.

The key build.apprunner.amazonaws.comis tasks.apprunner.amazonaws.comto specify and for the service to which AssumeRole is assigned .
After that, AWS has prepared a policy for App Runner, so attach it to the IAM role.

Create an App Runner

Following code create Apprunner service, autoscalling configuration and apprunner connection for deploy AWS App Runner service.

  • aws_apprunner_service: AWS App runner service.
  • aws_apprunner_auto_scaling_configuration_version : Auto Scalling configuration for App runner service.
  • aws_apprunner_connection: Github connection to allow aws to access github repository.

Note: When we deploy app runner with terraform we have to configure aws_apprunner_connectionwith github connection manually because Now aws not support auto configuration so we have to allow aws to access github account repository.

Check the URL of App Runner created by applying

I want to check the URL of the created App Runner as the execution result of the apply command, so outputset.

output "app_runner_url" {
value = aws_apprunner_service.example.service_url

After that, just run the following commands.

terraform init

terraform plan

terraform apply

it will take 2 to 3 minutes to complete the execution.
When the execution is completed, the URL will be displayed as shown below, so let’s access it.

app_runner_url = "xxxxx.us-east-2.awsapprunner.com/"

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Prashant Bhatasana

AWS Community Builder | Terraform Associate | Infra. Automation Engineer, Love to work with #AWS #Terraform #Jenkins #kubernetes #Docker #Ansible #Selenium